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  • Volume 2018

    Control of Optimal Operation with a Hybrid Energy System
    (International Journal of Engineering Works)

    Vol. 5, Issue 11, PP. 224-231, November 2018
    DOI Image URL
    Keywords: Renewable Energy Resources, Hybrid System, System Cost

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    Fossil fuels is the main energy resource now a day with the advantage of generating gigantic electricity at a given location. Fossil resources, however, are subject to exhaustion rendering energy resources risks. The process of electricity generation from fossils fuels may be less costly compared to other schemes however this advantage comes at the expense of increased pollution, greenhouse gases emission contributing to overall global warming. Sustainable energy production requires reusable energy resources. Each renewable energy resource is characterized by a unique characteristic set and advantages, making it suitable for application of specific nature and location. In a hybrid system, the cummulative sum of the powers generated by the constituent systems should match the load demand rendering its implementation complex mainly due to the non linear behavior of the renewable energy resources and the non linearity of the fuel consumption curve. The dissimilar load demand pattern and the limit on the operation of the battery also poses a constraint. Controlling the process of any compound power source system in an optimal manner is essential and challenging to achieve low overall system cost.


    1. Muhammad Waseem, US Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, UET Peshawar.

    2. Dr. Abdul Basit, US Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, UET Peshawar.

    3. Imran Khan, US Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, UET Peshawar.

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    Muhammad Waseem Dr. Abdul Basit and Imran Khan, "Control of Optimal Operation with Hybrid Energy System", International Journal of Engineering Works, Vol. 5 Issue 11 PP. 224-231 November 2018.


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