Factors Affecting Employees Subjective Well-being and Performance in Pakistanis Organizations
(International Journal of Business, Economics and Management Works)
Vol. 6, Issue 2, PP. 12-17, February 2019
Subjective Well-Being, health, absenteeism, motivation, work performance
The main purpose for conducting this research is to explore the relationship between Subjective well-being, absenteeism, health, and employee’s motivation for on work performance in Pakistan. A questionnaire was used as the method to gather data from 144 employees of different organizations in Pakistan and Smart PLS was used to analyze the data. The results indicate that motivation and health both have positive relation with SWB and Work performance while absenteeism has positive relation with SWB but negative relation to work performance. This study covers different public and private sector organization employees working in Punjab, Pakistan. That’s why some of the other areas outside Asia could be chosen for future research purposes with a bigger sample size. This research basically determined that how different factors impact Subjective Well-Being to enhance work performance of employees as well as the organization.
- Amina Shafi: Department of Management and HR, Hohai Business School, Hohai University Nanjing. China, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Prof. Wang Qun: Department of Management and HR, Hohai Business School, Hohai University Nanjing. China, email@example.com
Amina Shafi, Wang Qun, "Factors Affecting Employees Subjective Well-being and Performance in Pakistani Organizations", International Journal of Business, Economics and Management Works, Vol. 6, Issue 2, PP. 12-17, February 2019.
-  Kahneman, D., & Krueger, A. B. (2006). Developments in the measurement of subjective well-being. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20(1), 3–24.
-  Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J. -P. (2009). Report by the commission on the measurement of economic performance and social progress.
-  Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276–302.
-  Camfield, L., & Skevington, S. M. (2008). On subjective well-being and quality of life. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(6), 764–775.
-  Shu, X., & Zhu, Y. (2008). The quality of life in China. Social Indicators Research, 92(2), 191–225.
-  Danner, D. D., Snowdon, D. A., & Friesen, W. V. (2001). Positive emotion in early life and longevity: Findings from the nun study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 804–813.
-  Chida, Y., & Steptoe, A. (2008). Positive psychological well-being and mortality: A quantitative review of prospective observational studies. Psychosomatic Medicine, 70, 741–756.
-  Pressman, S. D., & Cohen, S. (2005). Does positive affect influence health?. Psychological Bulletin, 131, 925–971.
-  Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., & Oishi, S. (2016). Advances and open questions in the science of subjective well-being.
-  King, P. M. 1995. The psychosocial work environment: implications for workplace safety and health. Professional Safety, 40: 36–39.
-  Cooper, C. L., Kirkaldy, B. D., & Brown, J. 1994. A model of job stress and physical health: The role of individual differences. Personality & Individual Differences, 16: 653–655.
-  Cartwright, S., & Cooper, C. L. 1993. The psychological impact of merger and acquisition on the individual: A study of building society managers. Human Relations, 46: 327–347.
-  Anderson, R. C., & Grunert, B. K. 1997. A cognitive behavioral approach to the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder after work-related trauma. Professional Safety, 42: 39–42.
-  Harrison, D. A., & Price, K. H. (2003). Context and consistency in absenteeism: Studying social and dispositional influences across multiple settings. Human Resource Management Review, 13, 203–225.
-  Hackett, R. D. (1989). Work attitudes and employee absenteeism: A synthesis of the literature. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 62, 235–248.
-  Sagie, A. (1998). Employee absenteeism, organizational commitment, and job satisfaction: Another look. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 52, 156–171.
-  Goetzel, R. Z., Hawkins, K., Ozminkowski, R. J., & Wang, S. (2003). The health and productivity cost burden of the top 10 physical and mental health conditions affecting six large US employers in 1999. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 45, 5–14.
-  Knies, S., Candel, M. J., Boonen, A., Evers, S., Ament, A., & Severens, J. L. (2012). Lost productivity in four European countries among patients with rheumatic disorders: Are absenteeism and presenteeism transferable? Pharmacoeconomics, 30, 795–807.
-  Kohler, S. S., & Mathieu, J. E. (1993). Individual characteristics, work perceptions, and affective reactions influences on differentiated absence criteria. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14, 515–530.
-  Forgas, J. P. (1995). Mood and judgment: The affect infusion model (AIM). Psychological Bulletin, 117, 39–66.
-  Grube, J. A., & Piliavin, J. A. (2000). Role identity, organizational experiences and volunteer performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 1108–1119.
-  Reykowski, J., & Smolenska, Z. (1980). Personality mechanisms of prosocial behavior. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 11, 219–230.
-  Piliavin, J. A., & Callero, P. L. (1991). Giving blood: The development of an altruistic identity. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
-  Haas, S. (2007). The long-term effects of poor childhood health: An assessment and application of retrospective reports. Demography, 44(1), 113–135.
-  Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010 ), Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective, Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
-  Kline, R. B. (2011), Principles and practice of structural equation modeling, The Guilford press, New York, NY.
-  Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1984). The effect of sampling error on convergence, improper solutions, and goodness-of-fit indices for maximum likelihood confirmatory factor analysis. Psychometrika, 49(2), 155-173.
-  Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of marketing research, 39-50.
-  Hobfoll, S. E. (1989). Conservation of resources: A new attempt at conceptualizing stress. American Psychologist, 44, 513–524.
-  Bowling, N. A., Eschleman, K. J., & Wang, Q. (2010). A meta-analytic examination of the relationship between job satisfaction and subjective well-being. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 83, 915–934.
-  Nazir, S., Shafi, A., Qun, W., Nazir, N., & Tran, Q. D. (2016). Influence of organizational rewards on organizational commitment and turnover intentions. Employee Relations, 38(4), 596-619.
-  Moritz, B. (2014). The U. S. chairman of PwC on keeping millennials engaged. Harvard Business Review
-  Judge, T. A., Piccolo, R. F., Podsakoff, N. P., Shaw, J. C., & Rich, B. L. (2010). The relationship between pay and job satisfaction: A meta-analysis of the literature. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77, 157–167.
-  Boehm, J. K., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2008). Does happiness promote career success? Journal of Career Assessment, 16, 101–116.
-  Edmans, A. (2012). The link between job satisfaction and firm value, with implications for corporate responsibility. Academy of Management Perspectives, 26, 1–19.
-  Moniz, A., & de Jong, F. (2014). Sentiment analysis and the impact of employee satisfaction on firm earnings. In M. de Rijke, T. Kenter, A. De Vries, C. Zhai, F. de Jong, K. Radinsky, & K. Hofmann (Eds.), Advances in information retrieval (pp. 519–527).London: Springer- Verlag.