Linking the Researchers, Developing the Innovations Manuscripts submittal opens till 30 September, 2020. Please submit your papers at or

  • Volume 2015

    Gender Differences And Relationship Between Group Identification And Conflict Resolution Among University Students
    (International Journal of Business, Economics and Management Works)

    Vol. 2, Issue 4, PP. 26-30, April 2015
    Keywords: Gender Difference, Group Identity, Conflict Resolution.

    Download PDF


    This research study has investigated the “Gender Differences in and Relationship between Group Identity and Conflict Resolution among University Students”. This research was based on cross sectional survey research design. The convenience sample was used by including 100 Students (50 male and 50 female) studying at University of Gujrat.  The study variables were measured using Group Identification scale proposed by Cameron (2004) and Conflict Resolution scale by Springer (1992). The  main objectives of this study were to measure the Group Identification, conflict Resolution and gender differences among University students. And it was hypothesized that higher the Group Identification Lower the Conflict and there will be negative relationship between group Identification and Conflict Resolution. Data was analyzed with statistical package for social sciences (SPSS-16 version). Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to find out the relationship between group Identification and Conflict Resolution. The t-test was computed to find out the gender differences. The result findings of the study supported that people with the sense of Group Identification have less indulge in Conflict related situation and Gender differences exist among the respondents.


    Fauzia Nazir  is currently doing Mphil in Psychology from University of Gujrat, Pakistan,  (corresponding author to provide phone:0086-13641117142; ; e-mail:

    Anam Azam is doing her Master in Economics from  BLCU, Beijing, China .

    Muhammad Rafiq is studying at North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China (e-mail:

    Full Text


    Fauzia Nazir, Anam Azam, Muhammad Rafiq, Sobia Nazir, Sophia Nazir, "Gender Differences And Relationship Between Group Identification And Conflict Resolution Among University Students" International Journal of Business, Economics and Management Works, Vol. 2, Issue 4, PP. 26-30, April 2015.


    [1]     Giles, H., Giles, J. (2008). ‘In-group and outgroups’ Retrieved on 5, August, 2014. From

    [2]     Smith, Mark K. (2008). ‘What is a group Identification?’ Retrieved on 3, August, 2014. From

    [3]     Dr.Christopher L.Heffner (2014). ‘The Roles of Group’ Retrieved on 5, May, 2014. From

    [4]     Deutsch, M., Coleman, T, P., & Marcus, C, E. (2006).The Handbook of Conflict Resolution New York, IN: Jossey-Bass, Wiley Imprint.

    [5]     Smriti C (2000). Conflict-management-characteristics-types-stages-causes. Retrieved on 20 May, 2014. From

    [6]     Lawana R. Lofton, (2010). Factors which affect how we respond toconflict.Retrievedon20May,2014.from   conflict.

    [7]     Jehn K, A. Mannix E, A. (2001). The Dynamic Nature of Conflict: A Longitudinal Study of Intergroup Conflict and Group Performance. Academy of Management Journal, vol. 44 (2), pp.238-251. Retrieved on 01September, 2014.From

    [8]     Paul, S et. al. (2004). Impact of heterogeneity and collaborative conflict management style on the performance of synchronous global virtual teams. Information & Management, Vol. 14 (3), pp. 303-321.doi 10.1016/s0378-7206(03)00076-4.Retrieved on 01 September, 2014. From

    [9]     Holt J, L. Devore C, J. (2005).Culture, gender, organizational role, and styles of conflict resolution: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Vol. 29 (2), pp. 165-196. Doi 10.1010/j.ijinterel.2005.06.002.  Retrieved on 01 September, 2014. From

    [10]  Sheryl D, et al. (2005). A Gender-based Categorization for Conflict Resolution. Journal of Management Development, Vol. 24(3), 197 – 208. doi: 10.1108/02621710510584026.Retrieved on 18May, 2014 From

    [11]  Boros, S (2009). Struggles for cooperation: conflict resolution strategies in multicultural groups. Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 25 (5), pp. 539-554. doi 10.1108/02683941011048418. Retrieved on18May,2014.From

    [12]  Johnson, D W. Johnson, R T. (2012). Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation Programs in Elementary and Secondary Schools: A Review of the Research. Retrieved on 01 September, 2014. From

    [13]  Gaertner S. et al. (1996). Revisiting the contact hypotheses. The induction of a common in-group Identity. Vol. 20 (3-4), pp. 271-290. Doi 10.1016/0147-1767(96)00019-3. Retrieved on 02 September, 2014. From

    [14]  Giulia, Vincenza, Davide. (2010). Conflict management among secondary school students. Journal of social and behavioral scieneces, Vol. 2 (2), pp. 2402-2408. doi 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.345. Retrieved on 18May, 2014 from

    [15]  Karen, Galen, Carol. (1993). Managers Conflict Management Styles, and Leadership Effectiveness: the Moderating Effects of Gender. A journal of research, Vol. 29(5-6), pp. 405-420.doi 10.1007/BF00289432. Retrieved on 18May, 2014 from