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  • Volume 2015

    Language and Message Construction in Nigerian Multilingual Hip-Hop Music
    (International Journal of Media Science Works)

    Vol. 1, Issue 2, PP. 9-14, July 2015

    Keywords: Popular Music, Effective Communication, Language Use, Multilingualism, Code-Switching, Code-Mixing

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    It has become common practice by popular Nigerian musicians to conceal, complexly encode or blur messages of their songs through multilingualism, twisted language, double entendre, lexical innovations among others. This tendency has, given rise to the phenomenon of meaningless songs which seems to pervade the industry. Using a qualitative content analysis and secondary data, this paper examines multilingualism in Nigerian popular music and its implications for effective communication and the globalization of Nigerian popular music. It argues that, though contributing to the esthetic of songs and giving a Nigerian flavor to Hip-pop, code-switching/code-mixing has more potentials of considerably reducing message fidelity (especially to an international audience), as it implies audience being multilingual to be able to fully understand the message- a pre-requisite which is not always guaranteed. With this style of composition, messages are likely to be more decodable, by retrenched communities of fans (local audiences) than by an international public.


    Vareba, Anthony Leva

    Department of Theratre and Media Studies, University of Calabar, PMB 1115, CRS, Calabar, Nigeria.


    Tel: (+234) 803 7102 


    Full Text


    Vareba, Anthony Leva, "Language and Message Construction in Nigerian Multilingual Hip-Hop Music" International Journal of Media Science Works, Vol. 1, Issue 2, PP. 9-14, July 2015.                                                                                   




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