Linking the Researchers, Developing the Innovations Manuscripts submittal opens till 30 April 2019. Please submit your papers at editor@kwpublisher.com or editorkwpublisher@gmail.com

  • Volume 2018

    Modelling a Standalone Hybrid Micro Grid and Analyzing its Voltage Control Capabilities
    (International Journal of Engineering Works)

    Vol. 5, Issue 10, PP. 176-182, October 2018
    DOI
    Keywords: Micro grid, Micro Hydro power plant, Photovoltaic, Resources, Diesel Generator, Biomass, Super capacitor

    Download PDF

    Abstract

    Electrical energy is one of the most important component in the development of any society. Electrical energy is primarily generated from fossil fuels,  nuclear power or hydro but an increasing gap between demand and generation is leading is to find an alternative energy sources that produce clean energy and meet our increasing needs while maintaining the secure and reliable operation of power system. Presently Pakistan is facing extreme energy crisis and the situation is even worse in remote areas that are deprived from basic facility of electrical energy. These areas are normally gifted from natural resources that can play a key role in overcoming this problem. Run on River hydro generating units, solar Photovoltaic cells and Biomass generating units are able to generate clean electrical energy and meet the local demands; however, it is important that the frequency and voltage of that area is maintained within in the specified for the secure operation of power system. The voltage control plays important role in stable and reliable power supply. This research project will model a standalone micro grid where electrical energy will be generated from alternative sources of energy that are renewable i.e. hydro, solar irradiations and biomass resources, and then will employ specific technique for voltage control. This study will analyze the system behavior in different seasons when the load demand varies.

    Author

    1. Imran khan: US Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCASE), UET Peshawar
    2. Dr. Abdul Basit: US Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCASE), UET Peshawar
    3. Muhammad Waseem: US Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCASE), UET Peshawar

    Full Text

    Cite

    Imran khan Dr. Abdul Basit and Muhammad Waseem, "Modelling a Standalone Hybrid Micro Grid and Analyzing its Voltage Control Capabilities", International Journal of Engineering Works, Vol. 5 Issue 10 PP. 176-182 October 2018.

    References

    [1]      S.G. Jimmy Ehnberg and Math H.J. Bollen, “Reliability of small Power system using solar power and hydro ” journal on electric power systems research. Volume 74, issue1, april 2005.

    [2]     B. Bhandari, S.R. Poudel, K.T. Lee and S.H. Ahn, “Mathematical modeling of hybrid renewable energy system” international journal of precision  engineering and manufacturing green technology. Volume 1, issue 2, april 2014.

    [3]     M. Kalantar and S.M. Mousavi, “Dynamic behavior of standalone hybrid power generation system of wind turbine, microturbine, solar array and battery storage” journal  of applied energy volume 87, issue 10, October 2010.

    [4]     Nabil A. Ahmad, MasafumiMiyatake, A. K Al-Othman,”Power fluctuations suppression of standalone hybrid generation combining solar PVWind turbine and fuel cell system” journal of energy conversion and management. Volume 49, issue 10, October 2008.

    [5]     O.C.Onar, M. Uzunoglu, M.S. Alam ”Dynamic Modeling, Design of wind/fuel cell/ultra capacitor based hybrid power generation system” journal of power sources. Volume 161, issue 1, 20 October 2006.

    [6]     X. Liu, P. Wang, P.CLoh “A Hybrid AC/DC Microgrid and its coordination control”. IEEE transaction on smart grid. Volume 2, issue 2, june 2011.

    [7]     S.K Kim, J. H Jeon, C.H Cho ”Dynamic Modeling and control of grid connected hybrid generation system with versatile power transfer”. IEEE transaction on industrial electronics. Volume 55, issue 4, April 2008.

    [8]     J. M Guerrero, J. C Vasquez, J. Matas “Hierarchical control of droop controlled AC and DC microgrids a general approach towards standardization” IEEE transaction on industrial Electronics. Volume 58, issue 1, jan 2011.

    [9]     kyoungsoo Ro, S. Rahman “Two loop controller for maximizing performance of grid connected photovoltaic / fuel cell hybrid power plant”. IEEE transaction on Energy conversion volume 13, issue 3, sep 1998.

    [10]  Farzam N, S.D Ali, S.H Hosseini “Modeling and control of new three input DC-DC boost converter for hybrid PV/FC/Battery power system” IEEE transaction on power electronics. Volume 27, issue 5, may 2012.

    [11]  NASA Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy Database

    [12]  (NREL, 2008) National Renewable Energy Laboratories

    [13]  PEDO Daily discharge at Disty katlang for the year 2011 (cumecs)

    [14]  Biomass Energy Potential and Current Use in Different Parts of World (year2004)

    [15]  Yang H, Zhou W, Lu L, Fang Z. Optimal sizing method for stand-alone hybrid solar–windsystem with LPSP technology by using genetic algorithm. Solar Energy 2008;82:354–67

    [16]  A. Hussain et al.Forecasting electricity consumption in Pakistan: the way forwardEnergy Policy 90 (2016) 73–80

    [17]  Daljeet Kaur, P. S. Cheema ,Software tools for analyzing the hybrid renewable energy sources:-A review

    [18]  Vinay Shrivastav, MS Thesis Thermal Engineering, Design and development of downdraftgasifier for operating CI engine on dualfuel mode, National Institute of Technology Rurkela, 2012.

    [19]  S. Stokler, C. Schillings, B. Krass, Solar Resource assessment study for Pakistan, “Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews” Volume 58, May 2016 Pages 1184-1188

    [20]  Source: Mardan Station – data from O & M manual, Mardan SCARP, 1985 Measure at 10 m above ground

    [21]  R S. kumar  S. K. Kollimalla  M. K. Mishra, Dynamic Energy management of Microgrids using battery Super Capacitors Combine Storage 2012 Annual IEEE India Conference (INDICON)

    [22]   J.A.P. Lopes  C.L. Moreira  A.G. Madureira, Defining Control strategies for Microgrids Islanded Operation, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems ( Volume: 21, Issue: 2, May 2006 ).