Resettlement Policies and Implementation Management: A Case of Hydropower Resettlement Management in Laos
(International Journal of Business, Economics and Management Works)
Vol.3, Issue 2, PP. 25-32, February 2016
Hydropower, Resettlement, Policy, Implementation, Management
This paper aims to describe the hydropower development and resettlement management background, and to review the existed regulatory framework on resettlement policies and implementation management of hydropower projects in Laotian context. The results of review note showed that, Laos has planned to become the “Battery of ASEAN” and so rid itself of the status of least developed country by 2020. Thus, the hydropower and mining projects have become the main key sectors for contributing and supporting the socioeconomic development of the country. Nowadays, about 22 hydropower projects with totally installed capacity of 3,205 megawatts have been operated. The hydropower projects have provided the better public infrastructures and electric supply to local, national and regional communities. However, the lager hydropower development projects have created the environmental, social, cultural, and economical impacts and the resettlement of people in reservoir areas. To overcome issues, the project developers in cooperation with related sectors must follow the preferable Decree No. 192 on Compensation and Resettlement of Development Project, its technical guidelines, and related article of laws for resettlement and compensation programs.
Saychai Syladeth : School of Public Administration, Hohai University, China
No.8 West Focheng Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, Zip Code: 211100, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Shi Guoqing : School of Public Administration, Hohai University, China
No.8 West Focheng Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, Zip Code: 211100, Email: email@example.com
Qingnian Yu : School of Public Administration, Hohai University, China
No.8 West Focheng Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, Zip Code: 211100,
Saychai Syladeth, Shi Guoqing, Qingnian Yu "Resettlement Policies and Implementation Management: A Case of Hydropower Resettlement Management in Laos" International Journal of Business,Economics and Management Works, Vol.3, Issue 2, PP. 25-32, February 2016.
 Liu, H; Masera, D. World Small Hydropower Development Report: Executive Summary. United Nations Industrial Development Organization and International Center on Small Hydro Power, 2013, p. 3.
 International Hydropower Association; et al. Hydropower and the World Energy Future: The Role of Hydropower in Bringing Clean, Renewable, Energy to the World. Compton, West Sussex, the United Kingdom, 2000, pp. 5-6.
 National Research Centre for Resettlement, Hohai University. The Proceeding of International Seminar on Resettlement and Rehabilitation. 1st Edition, Editorial note, China: Hohai University Press, 1995, p. 10.
 Ministry of Planning and Investment. The Facts of Lao PDR. Investment Promotion Department, Vientiane, Lao PDR.http://www.investlaos.gov.la/show_encontent.php?contID=5. Accessed 13 October 2014.
 Alounmai Managize. Documentary of the 9th Congress of Lao People’s Revolutionary Party. Vientiane, Lao PDR: Public Printing, 2011.
 Department of Energy Business, Ministry of Energy and Mining. Laos Plans to Become Battery of ASEAN by 2020. Empowering Progress. http://poweringprogress.org/index.php?id=430%3A01st-july-2009-laos-plans-to-become-battery-of-asean-by-2020&option=com_content&Itemid=50, 2014.
 Phonekeo, Daovong; et al. (2013). Resettlement Policies and Practices in Lao PDR: A Case Study of Nam Theun2 Hydropower Project. Papers Presented to International Conference on Resettlement and Rehabilitation, Hyderabad, India, 20-21 May, 2013, p. 6.
 Goudineau, Y. Resettlement and Social Characteristics of New Villages: Basic Needs for Resettled Communities in the Lao PDR. UNDP, Vientiane, Lao PDR, 1997.
 Government of Lao PDR. The Rural Development Program 1998-2002: Focal Site Strategy. Vientiane, Lao PDR, 1998.
 Prime Minister Office. Decree on Compensation and Resettlement of Development Project. No. 192/PM on July 7, 2005, Vientiane, Lao PDR, 2005, pp. 2-6.
 Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. Technical Guideline on Compensation and Resettlement of Development Project. Department of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment and Environment Projection Fund: The LEnS2 Project, Lao PDR, 2005.
 Vientiane Times. Partnerships for Capacity Enhancement on Natural Resources, Environmental and Social Safeguard. Vientiane, Lao PDR. www.vientianetimes.org.la. Accessed March 18, 2013.