Linking the Researchers, Developing the Innovations Manuscripts submittal opens till 15 Nov, 2019. Please submit your papers at editor@kwpublisher.com or editorkwpublisher@gmail.com

  • Volume 2019

    Technical Analyses of MHP ELCS; An Analysis of KPK MHP Project, Pakistan
    (International Journal of Engineering Works)

    Vol. 6, Issue 03, PP. 78-83, March 2019
    DOI
    Keywords: Micro hydro system, Electronic load controller, Dummy load, Microsoft Excel

    Download PDF

    Abstract

    Energy is the basic requirement for the development of a country. Pakistan is fronting meaningful contests in the sector of energy on the way to conference the demand which is significantly increasing annually. The government of Pakistan have initiated various renewable energy projects for the provision of electrical energy particularly to the rural areas   where population is less, and extension of main grid-system is not fiscally and technically practicable due to huge rate asset essential for transmission network. In electrical power system the users need uninterrupted power supply at rated frequency and voltage. Due to existence of different kinds of loads having different structure and load demand the frequency and voltage of micro hydro plant (MHP) may not be continuous. To keep these constraints in the specified boundaries appropriate control approach must be recognized for the system. Frequency is maintained by eliminating the difference among generation and load demand through Electronic load controller (ELC). ELC function is to dump extra power into dummy loads, when consumers switch their loads off, maintaining system frequency constant. The purpose of this research paper is to analyses the connected MHP ELCs in KPK via considering the case study of Ashran Valley District Swat and Tehsildar kali district Mardan to know the impacts of voltage, frequency and power factor of these MHP ELCs likewise to recommend for improvement. Comprehensive literature review was carried out to achieve these goals. The real time data was collected using the site observation, and the analyses of real time data (voltage, frequency and power factor) of MHPs ELCs are analyzed through Microsoft Excel software. This research work concludes that these MHPPs requires proper management, quality work and skillful operators to have a sustainable and reliable system for the community.

    Author

    1. Waqar Ahmad Dawar:US Pakistan Center for Advance Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar

    2. Dr. Tanvir Ahmad: US Pakistan Center for Advance Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar

    Full Text

    Cite

    Waqar Ahmad Dawar and Dr. Tanvir Ahmad Technical Analyses of MHP ELCS; An Analysis of KPK MHP Project Pakistan International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 6 Issue 03 PP. 78-83 March 2019

    References

     
    1. [1]     Salhi I, et al. Modeling and regulation of a micro hydroelectric power plant. In: IEEE international symposium on industrial electronics (ISIE’08). Cambridge, UK, July 2008. p: 1639–44.J. Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 3rd ed., vol. 2. Oxford: Clarendon, 1892, pp.68–73.

    2. [2]     Laboratory of Electric Systems and Telecommunications, Cadi Ayyad University, BP 549, Av Abdel Karim Elkhattabi, Gueliz, Marrakesh, Morocco b CReSTIC, Reims University, 9, rue de Québec B.P. 396, F-10026 Troyes cedex, FranceK. Elissa, “Title of paper if known,” unpublished.

    3. [3]     Hanmandlu M et al. Proposing a new advanced control technique for micro hydro power plants. Electric Power Energy Syst 2008;30:272–82.

    4. [4]     Chennani M et al. Study of the regulation of a micro hydroelectric power plant prototype. Int Sci J Alternative Energy Ecol 2008;5(6):79–84.

    5. [5]     Henderson DS. An advanced electronic load governor for control of Micro hydroelectric power generation. IEEE Trans Energy Convers 1998;13(3):300–4.

    6. [6]     Junaid Riaz, Majid Baseer., Technical Challenges and Issues Faced During the Installation of Micro Hydro Power Plants in Pakistan.

    7. [7]     International Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Data Communication, ISSN: 2320-2084 Volume-3, Issue-6, June-2015, 200.

    8. [8]     R. Armstrong-Evans, "EVANS Electronic load governing", Evans Engineering, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://evansengineering.co.uk/controlsystems.cfm. [Accessed: 23- Jun- 2016].

    9. [9]     Jan Portegijs. The ’humming bird’ electronic load controller/induction generator controller. http : //microhydropower.net/mhp group/portegijs/humbird/humb main.html, 2012.

    10. [10]  www.elprocus.com/bridge-rectifier-circuit-theory-with-working-operation/.

    11. [11]  "G.P. Electronic Load Controllers for Small Hydro", G.P. Electronics.

    12. BARNES, R., 1989, lEE Power Engineering Journal, Vol 1 No  k 11-15.